Rewetting of the drained peatlands has proved to be efficient in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and can help countries achieve national goals under the Paris Agreement, a nationally determined contribution (NDC). At the same time, this will lead to an increased biological diversity and reduced fire danger in these areas and will open new sources of income to the local population.
Aim of the project is to demonstrate the potential of the peatlands management for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in climate change mitigation and thus to increase the resilience of landscapes to climate change as an adaptation measure.
The project aims at creating an improved legal and political framework for these restoration measures through the development of the (1) methodology for regional inventories of peatlands compatible with the UNFCCC reporting template, (2) guidelines for reporting on peatlands related mitigation measures, (3) methodology for the assessment of GHG emission reductions from peatlands rewetting, (4) methodology for the assessment of GHG emissions from peat fires, (5) recommendations and reporting forms for including information on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from peatlands rewetting into the reporting on Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation. Besides, carrying out an integrative assessment of changes in ecosystem services induced by ecological peatland restoration is also planned.
Project activities include an inventory of peatlands and prioritization of areas intended for rewetting, the rewetting of peatlandsin the Kaliningrad Province, and piloting the developed methodologies.
Moreover, the project aims to offer advanced training measures, draw up recommendations for policy and statute revisions regarding sustainable peatland management, and develop new approaches and mechanisms for a financially and ecologically viable and sustainable peatland use.