Feasibility study for the World Heritage Nomination of the Eastern Mongolian Steppes

Mongolia’s extraordinary degree of naturalness and globally significant biodiversity requires the conservation of vast landscapes at a time when anthropogenic pressure is increasing. Although Mongolia’s national protected area system may seem impressive, its effectiveness is limited both in terms of configuration, size and representativeness. Wildlife outside of protected areas is highly vulnerable. Numerous critically important areas are under no protection regime whatsoever.

While the Temperate Grasslands biome is the most converted and least protected globally, the temperate grasslands of Mongolia are largely unconverted to this day and continue to support the full assemblage of native species and the livelihoods of half of Mongolia’s population engaged in mobile pastoralism.

Mongolian Gazelles (c) Gankhuyag Purev-Ochir

Nomination for a UNESCO World Heritage Site

Feasibility study for the World Heritage Nomination of the Eastern Mongolian Steppes

Location: Mongolia

Duration: 08.2019 - 04.2021

Contact person

Nika Malazonia
Expertise: Protected area management, biosphere reserves, World heritage


Tel +49 3834 83542 19

However, both flora and fauna and local livelihoods are threatened by increasing resource extraction, transport infrastructure and excessive livestock levels, putting at risk outstanding natural values as well as a traditional and formerly sustainable form of livelihood.

The overall goal of the project is to contribute to the conservation of particularly valuable representations of the extraordinary ecosystems of Eastern Mongolia’s temperate grasslands by nominating them as World Heritage site. International recognition is expected to add a layer of visibility, protection and accountability in support of this objective.

The first step towards successful nomination is to conduct a comprehensive feasibility study, which will assess and specify the potential and perspectives for the successful nomination.

This project is funded by the German Federal Environment Ministry’s Advisory Assistance Programme (AAP) for environmental protection in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia and other countries neighboring the European Union. It is supervised by the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) and the German Environment Agency (UBA).