Projects for pearland restoration and climate protection in the Baltic States

Baisogala: Restoration of peat bogs on intensively used agricultural land to protect against climate change

At present, 251 395 hectares of peatlands are used for agricultural purposes in Lithuania. Up to 95% of them are affected by drainage. They have thus lost many of their functions for nature, the climate and human wellbeing. They can no longer store organic carbon in their peat deposits, neither purify or store water, nor provide space for biodiversity. However, the restoration of drained peat areas is now (2021) part of the European Green Deal policy and must also be emphasized stronger in national legislation in order to achieve the goals of climate protection policy.
The restoration of peatlands from intensively used agricultural land is only just beginning in Lithuania. In order to create a good practical example of this, the Succow Foundation and local partners, with the support of Tamm GmbH, are restoring the hydrological regime in a drained peatland area of ​​6 ha in the village of Kemerai near the town of Baisogala. While doing so, they combine the interests of nature conservation, science and land users.

 

The long-term drainage and intensive agricultural use as perennial meadow and pasture have seriously damaged this peatland area. As a result, it lost most of its original functions, e.g. as a carbon sink. According to preliminary calculations, the restoration of the hydrological conditions and a sustainable management of the Baisogala peatland will reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the previously drained peat soils by around 100 t CO2 equivalent per year. It also reduces the amount of nitrogen compounds that get into the surrounding waters and thus lowers eutrophication, which will have a positive impact on biodiversity. The restored Baisogala peatland is intended to serve as an example for developing a carbon certificate standard from rewetted and sustainably managed peatlands.

 

The Succow Foundation is restoring the partial area of the Baisogala peatland in Lithuania together with its partners Pelkių atkūrimo ir apsaugos fondas (Foundation for peatland restoration and conservation) and the LSMU Gyvulininkystės institutas (Institute for Animal Sciences of LSMU) with financial support of TammGmbH.

 

Peatland restoration at Baisogala

Location: Baisogala, Lithuania
Duration: 1/2021 - 3/2021

[Translate to EN:] Jan Peters (Foto: Ph. Schroeder)
Contact person

Jan Peters
Peatland policies, restoration, climate change, sustainable land use

jan.peters[at]succow-stiftung.de


Tel Tel +49 3834 83542 17

Peatland restoration and development of MoorFutures in Lithuania

In Lithuania there are approx. 650,000 hectares of peatland. Merely 28% of these are in a near-natural state, but 470,000 hectares are drained. Rewetting is therefore a good opportunity for the country to save large amounts of CO2 for climate protection through a nature-based solution - rewetting. The Succow Foundation is therefore restoring a part of the Aukstumala peatland on the Curonian Lagoon south of Klaipeda. At the same time, it is developing a carbon certificate system for Lithuania analogous to the MoorFutures in Germany.

Massively drained and damaged in the past century, peat mining is still going on in the eastern part of the Aukstumala bog. An EU LIFE project was able to greatly improve the condition of the peatland on over 1,000 hectares in its western area, but an area of ​​53 hectares was not included. With the support of the Stiftung Zukunft jetzt! and the Succow Foundation has undertaken the restoration of this area with local partner organizations. The approach of transferring the concept of MoorFutures to Lithuania is intended to enable rewetting to be upscaled on large areas of peatland in Lithuania.

The Succow Foundation is restoring the partial area of the Aukstumala peatland together with the Lithuanian partner Pelkių atkūrimo ir apsaugos fondas (Foundation for restoration and conservation of peatlands) and the MoorFutures Standard from Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania with financial support from Stiftung Zukunft jetzt! um.

 

 

Rewetting, paludiculture pilot and development of a MoorFutures-standard

Location: Aukstumala, Lithuania
Duration: 2021

[Translate to EN:] Aukstumala-Moor (Foto: M. Sandaras)
[Translate to EN:] Jan Peters (Foto: Ph. Schroeder)
Contact person

Jan Peters
Peatland policies, restoration, climate change, sustainable land use

jan.peters[at]succow-stiftung.de


Tel Tel +49 3834 83542 17